Electric Car Companies - A Guide to EVs
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Electric Car Companies - A Guide to EVs

By Zac Estrada | September 23, 2021

The market for new electric vehicles is heating up quickly. Here's a guide to automakers making EVs now and ones that have plans for the future.The electric vehicle revolution isn’t upon us, it’s here. Nearly every significant brand sold in the US offers at least one plug-in vehicle, some offer many more. And they’re not just startups: Every major carmaker has devised a plan to introduce EVs, while an increasing number have timelines for phasing out gasoline engines altogether.

Those looking for a new EV will soon have a mind-boggling amount of choices as the auto industry goes through a significant upheaval and moves to a zero-emissions future.

In alphabetical order, these are the automakers currently selling EVs in the US, and ones that are about to.

Now:

BMW Group (BMW, Mini, Rolls-Royce)

bmw-electric

BMW was a pioneer with EVs, starting with the very compact 2014 i3. But in July 2021, imports of the city car to the US stopped, and production globally is expected to end in 2022.

However, this paves the way for the next generation of BMW EVs, starting later in 2021 with the iX crossover SUV and i4 sedan. Both align with existing gasoline-powered BMWs (the X5 and 4 Series, respectively), but will only come in these forms as battery electric vehicles — and a targeted 300 miles of range. The iX will go on sale in early 2022 from about $85,000, while the i4 is expected by the end of 2021 starting from less than $60,000.

BMW also markets plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV), with the 3, 5, and 7 Series lines, as well as the X3 and X5 SUVs, available with a plug-in powertrain.

Mini started sales of its first EV, the Cooper SE, in early 2020. But the pandemic slowed production and sales began in earnest this year. For 2022, it gets revised styling like all Mini hardtops and convertibles, a revised infotainment system, and a bump in range — to 114 miles on a full charge, according to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). The Cooper SE’s calling card is its price, however, starting from about $31,000 before any EV incentives.

General Motors (Buick, Cadillac, Chevrolet, GMC)

cadillac-electric

GM promised earlier in 2021 to go to all-electric new vehicle sales by 2035. While there are some caveats to that, the largest domestic automaker is making a concerted push to get the country charging up.

Chevrolet has sold the Bolt EV since 2017 and it received a modest revision for 2022, following a range boost to an EPA-estimated 259 miles, and a sizable price cut to less than $33,000 to start. The 2022 Bolt EUV is a slightly larger, more spacious variant that also offers the Super Cruise advanced driver assistance system (it isn't an autonomous driving system). Next up, Chevy will offer its Silverado 1500 pickup truck as an EV sometime in 2023 or 2024 with as much as 400 miles of range between charging stations.

Cadillac will, in fact, go all-electric by the end of the decade. The first sign arrives in 2022 as the Lyriq SUV. Starting around $60,000, the midsize luxury EV targets about 300 miles of range, as well as the Super Cruise system and other technological advancements. It will rival the Audi E-tron and upcoming BMW iX, and likely the Tesla Model X. The Celestiq luxury sedan will be the next EV, due in 2023 and likely priced alongside upper-crust Mercedes-Benz models. Three more Cadillac EV SUVs are expected to show up by 2025.

GMC will be home to the relaunched Hummer name, starting with the $112,000 launch edition of the Hummer EV pickup truck. Less-expensive versions arrive in 2022, along with an SUV variant. The range is estimated between 250 and 300 miles depending on the model and battery pack. GMC will also get other electrics, such as an EV version of the Sierra 1500 pickup.

The lone brand without big EV plans yet is Buick. While the brand is attached to many electric models in its largest market, China, there are no confirmed plans for a Buick EV in the US yet.

Stellantis (Chrysler Dodge Jeep Ram Fiat Alfa Romeo Maserati)

chrysler-electric

Known as Fiat Chrysler until the start of 2021, Stellantis doesn’t have much in the way of plug-ins for the US market right now. The Chrysler Pacifica Hybrid minivan has been around since 2017, and it was joined by the Jeep Wrangler 4xe in 2021 as the two PHEVs offered by the enormous company.

That will change by 2024, though. All Stellantis brands sold in the US will get some kind of plug-in vehicle. Details are still being revealed, but count on a Ram 1500 EV pickup truck in 2024 to do battle with similar models from GM and Ford. Dodge will get some kind of EV muscle car at the same time, likely styled to look like today's Challengers and Chargers. And more plug-in Jeeps, including an all-electric model, are also expected.

All Alfa Romeo models will be EVs in the US starting from 2027, while Maserati will also start phasing in more plug-ins starting with its long-delayed SUV model in 2023.

Ford Motor Company (Ford, Lincoln)

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Ford:
While Ford has dabbled in EVs for years, and released numerous plug-in vehicles in the last decade or so, the company’s first concerted effort into the electric car market came last year with the Mustang Mach-E.

Trading on some heritage, the Mach-E is really a compact SUV without a direct gasoline-equivalent. Two different battery sizes provide between 230 and 300 miles of range, depending on the model and whether the model is rear-wheel-drive or all-wheel-drive. Prices start from just under $45,000.

Waiting in the wings is the F-150 Lightning, an all-electric version of the most popular vehicle in the country. The automaker claims the electric truck will have a similar towing capacity to the gasoline-only models, but with up to 300 miles on a charge. Prices for a base all-wheel-drive model will start around $40,000, too.

Ford finally offers a PHEV version of its popular Escape compact SUV, and more PHEVs are rumored. But more EVs will also appear that are either larger or smaller than the Mach-E.

Lincoln:
The Lincoln luxury brand will soon get its first fully electric model, likely an SUV in the next year or two. For now, it offers PHEV versions of the three-row Aviator and compact Corsair SUVs, under the Grand Touring label.

Hyundai Motor (Genesis, Hyundai)

hyundai-electric

Hyundai
In its bid to pursue a variety of alternative fuel solutions for its consumers, Hyundai has started to flesh out its electrified lineup. While the brand has offered gas-electric hybrids for years, it’s stepping up its fully electric line. For 2022, the new Ioniq 5 small SUV will take the place of the former Ioniq Electric hatchback. The sharp-edged styling conceals a high-tech interior. Rear and all-wheel-drive setups will be offered, with a range somewhere around 250 miles.

The Kona Electric compact SUV is slightly revised for 2022, although that’s unlikely to affect its range. It’s still one of the least expensive, longer-range EVs on the market.

Genesis
The holdout used to be Hyundai’s relatively new luxury arm, Genesis. But this summer, Genesis officials said the brand would transition from gas-powered to electric cars between 2025 and 2030. It also announced the GV60, its first EV. The compact SUV will go on sale sometime in 2022.

Jaguar Land Rover

jaguar-electric

The Jaguar I-Pace was ahead of the game when it first arrived in 2019, but it’s failed to make a mark in the US, even among premium EVs. Its somewhat modest 234-mile estimated range and starting price of more than $70,000 has been a detractor. For 2022, the base model includes significantly more standard equipment.

But that’s unlikely to matter as Jaguar runs out the clock on its existing models in preparation to become an entirely EV company starting from 2025. Company officials say the new Jaguar models will also be more exclusive (and expensive) models to rival Aston Martin, Bentley, and Porsche. Land Rover offers PHEV versions of the Range Rover and Range Rover Sport, but it’s yet to firm up plans for a full EV.

Karma Automotive

karma-automotive-electric

A Chinese-American company born out of a bankruptcy auction, Karma is working to get some new models in the high-end luxury EV market. This year, it revealed the GS-6 PHEV and GSe-6 EV, with estimated range figures between 230 and 300 miles on a charge. Sold through a few dozen dealers in the US, Karma vehicles start around $100,000.

Kia Motors

kia-electric

Kia has steadily offered EVs in the US, continuing with the expanded availability of the Niro EV to more states. Starting at around $40,000, the compact SUV offers an estimated 239-mile range.

But the real news is the Kia EV6, a ground-up EV design expected to arrive in January 2022. Sharply-styled, it also offers more advanced driver assistance and interior tech than other current Kia models. All-wheel-drive will be offered and the maximum range is estimated at 300 miles. Prices, however, will start close to $60,000.

Mazda

mazda-electric

Another company slow to electrify, Mazda will wade into the EV space in fall with the MX-30. The small SUV, with pickup truck-like rear half-doors, is very much a toe in the EV waters. The MX-30 will only be available in California for 2022, with one battery and an estimated range of 100 miles. Prices start from about $36,000.

A model with a small rotary engine to generate additional electricity is rumored to go on sale in 2022 as the MX-30 goes on sale in other states.

Mercedes-Benz

mercedes-electric

While it’s dabbled with PHEVs and full EVs, Mercedes makes its first concerted electric effort late in 2021 with the EQS. Analogous to the gas-powered S-Class luxury sedan, the EQS will offer a similarly opulent interior with lots of space. Power comes from a choice of two battery sizes and either single or dual-motor setups. The range target is about 300 miles for the largest battery size. Expect prices to start around $100,000.

Mercedes announced this summer three other upcoming EVs: the compact EQB SUV (seen above), midsize EQE luxury sedan, and the big and boxy electric version of the G-Class SUV: the EQG. Expect to start seeing these three in showrooms by the middle of 2022.

Mitsubishi Motors

mitsubishi-electric

Now partially owned by Nissan, Mitsubishi is in charge of PHEV technology for both companies, as well as French partner Renault. It introduced the Outlander PHEV to the US for 2018, and a new version based on the redesigned 2022 Outlander will arrive in the second half of 2022.

Beyond that, however, there are no confirmed plans for a full EV in the US. The company’s only EV sold here, the diminutive i-MiEV, was discontinued in 2017.

Nissan Motor Co. (Infiniti, Nissan)

nissan-electric

Another pioneer in modern EVs, Nissan launched its second-generation Leaf for 2018 and it just received a big price cut for 2022 to be the least expensive new electric car in the US, at just over $28,000 to start. In spring 2022, the Ariya SUV will begin a new generation of Nissan EVs. About the size of the gas-powered Rogue compact SUV, with single or all-wheel-drive dual-motor configurations and a target of up to 300 miles of range. Expect it to be priced from about $35,000.

Luxury subsidiary Infiniti, however, doesn’t have anything in the way of an EV now, and its plans for one are unclear right now.

Polestar

polestar-electric

An offshoot of Volvo Cars and their parent, Geely, Polestar makes only plug-in vehicles. The debut car, the Polestar 1, was a plug-in hybrid coupe with 600 horsepower and selling for about $150,000. It recently ended production.

The Polestar 2, however, is the brand’s first play for the mainstream. It’s a four-door fastback with a tailgate, sort of like an Audi A5 Sportback but that rides slightly higher. A 231-horsepower, single motor model with an estimated 265 miles of range just went on sale for $47,200. The original 408-horsepower, dual-motor all-wheel-drive model and 249 miles of range now start from $51,200.

An SUV, the Polestar 3, will join the lineup in late 2022 and be assembled in the US, with more models due in the next few years.

Rivian

rivian-electric

California-based startup Rivian has been teasing its all-electric pickup truck, the R1T, for years now. But it’s finally about to go into production for reservation holders who’ve been waiting for the $73,000 Launch Edition model.

Rated at 314 miles on a full charge by the EPA, the Rivian pickup truck boasts four doors, flexible cargo and hauling solutions, and should offer other accessories in the future. Two smaller battery sizes and different ranges will be offered on less expensive models starting in 2022.

The R1S will also show up sometime in 2022. An SUV derivative of the pickup truck, it should be priced from about $65,000 and offer many of the same features and battery sizes.

Subaru

subaru-electric

Despite its green and outdoorsy image, Subaru’s electrification efforts to date (including the current Crosstrek plug-in hybrid) have been half-hearted at best. That changes in 2022 when the new Solterra arrives. It will be an SUV and share many components with a new Toyota EV SUV.

Tesla

tesla-electric

The poster for the modern electric vehicle manufacturer, Tesla continues to grow its fanbase exponentially and it’s still producing just four models. The Model 3, Model Y, Model S, and Model X all go through periodic changes seemingly on a whim. Most recently, the Model S Plaid arrived in summer with 1,020 horsepower, a 0-60 mph time of about 2 seconds, and a price tag of about $132,000 to start.

While CEO Elon Musk announced it back in 2017, production of the second-generation Tesla Roadster sports car keeps getting pushed back, now estimated to start in 2023. The Tesla Cybertruck, first shown in 2019, has been delayed to 2022 and now will likely follow Ford’s entry into the EV pickup truck market.

Toyota (Lexus, Toyota)

toyota-electric

While it was an early advocate of hybrids, Toyota has been slow to embrace plug-ins apart from some limited runs of RAV4 EVs over the last couple of decades. The tide will start to turn next year with the 2023 Toyota BZ4X. The RAV4-sized electric SUV will be sold around the world and be the company’s first mainstream EV entry into the US. But few other details have been released.

The Prius Prime and RAV4 Prime are PHEVs and the brand’s only vehicles offered with a plug right now. Toyota’s only gasoline-less model right now is the Mirai hydrogen fuel cell sedan, which is currently only available in California.

Lexus is in a similar boat, with most of its models available as hybrids, but none with a plug.

Volkswagen Group (Audi, Bentley, Bugatti, Lamborghini, Porsche, Volkswagen)

audi-electric

Partly out of necessity, VW has become a force in the EV game. The fallout from its emissions cheating scandal starting from the mid-2010s prompted the pivot to alternative energy. As a result, the trickle of VW, Audi, and Porsche EVs is turning into a flood.

At Audi, their EV push started in 2019 with the E-tron SUV, which will get some minor refinements for 2022. But it still starts at more than $70,000. The more compact Q4 E-tron and Q4 E-tron Sportback arrived this year, starting from around $45,000. The halo E-tron GT four-door sedan has also just debuted, starting from a cool $100,000.

The namesake VW brand is being more pragmatic. While the e-Golf was sold in the US for four years in a few states and at a relatively modest pace, it’s effectively been replaced by the larger and more capable I.D.4. The Tiguan-sized EV starts from about $40,000 and is rated at about 250 miles of range. An all-wheel-drive, dual-motor model arrives late in 2021, and more versions are expected to be launched when production moves from Germany to the US in 2022.

VW will also add an electric reinterpretation of the classic Microbus with the I.D. Buzz starting in 2023 and possibly other models such as an EV replacement for the Passat midsize sedan.

Porsche launched its Taycan EV line in 2020 and a steady stream of derivatives followed. There are now two and four-wheel-drive models, a Cross Turismo compact wagon variant, and various battery sizes. Prices still start from around $84,000 and can break $200,000, though. Porsche’s next EV line will be the replacement for its Macan compact SUV, due in 2023.

Bentley, Lamborghini, and even Bugatti are expected to join the rest of the VW Group with EV offerings, though likely not for several more years.

Volvo Cars

volvo-electric

Volvo is another automaker that has a pledge to go completely electric; the goal here is 2030. The Volvo XC40 Recharge arrived in 2021 as the brand’s first full EV. Based heavily on the gas-powered XC40, it uses two electric motors good for a combined 408 horsepower with standard all-wheel-drive.

The C40 Recharge, a more stylish variant of the XC40, is available to order now with deliveries starting in early 2022. Unlike other Volvos, however, the C40 will only be offered as a full EV. Another EV-only Volvo arrives in late 2022, a luxury SUV about the size of the three-row XC90.

Volvo offers most of its models with a PHEV powertrain, and that’s expected to continue. But eventually, more models will be electric-only, like the next-generation XC60 due in a few years.

Future:

Fisker Inc.

fisker-inc-electric

Designer Henrik Fisker is taking a second crack at an auto company, this time making only battery EVs. The California-based Fisker Inc. formed five years ago but is about to release its first model.

The Ocean EV SUV will be the first product, with an estimated base price of less than $38,000, while some models are expected to have around 300 miles of range. Prototypes have been shown for years, the production model is expected to be shown in November, with the first examples being delivered to customers by the end of 2022.

Fisker also plans a small EV with a sub-$30,000 base price for 2023 and two more derivatives of the Ocean by 2025, creating a line of EVs for the startup.

Honda (Honda, Acura)

honda-electric

Honda’s only full EV, the Clarity EV, was canceled in late 2020. It had narrow appeal, as it was only available in California and a few other states and had an estimated range of just 89 miles. But the company also stopped imports of the Clarity Fuel Cell and Clarity PHEV, leaving it without plug-in vehicles.

Two SUVs co-developed with GM will start to appear in 2024, Honda confirmed this year. The Honda Prologue and the unnamed Acura SUV will likely be similarly sized to the Honda Passport and Acura RDX.

Lucid Motors

lucid-air-electric

Another California startup, Lucid Motors is trying to take some of the wind out of Tesla with its Air luxury sedan. While it was first revealed in 2016, the company says it’s going to deliver the first of the vehicles to come from its new Arizona assembly plant in 2021. The Launch Edition models will have between 933 and 1,111 horsepower and cost $169,000. At least there’s the promise of a 400-plus mile range. Less expensive versions should start around $80,000 and an SUV variant is planned.